Health Topic Categories

- Safety -

November 15th, 2018


Snow Shoveling Safety

The Erie County Medical Society wants you to enjoy winter without falling victim to snow shoveling perils, so here are some helpful tips.

 

First and foremost

  • Check with your doctor. Shoveling stresses the heart because of both exertion and cold. Consider hiring someone for the task.
    Do not shovel after eating or smoking as these activities reduce blood flow to the heart.
    Stop if you feel chest pain, or get excessively tired or have shortness of breath. You may need immediate professional care.
    Dress in layers with water-repellant clothing outermost. Remember hats, gloves, and warm socks because substantial body heat is lost from these areas.

 

Choose an appropriate snow shovel.

  • A curved-handled shovel helps keep your back straighter when shoveling.
    Choose a shovel with an appropriate length handle. The length is appropriate when, at the beginning of the shoveling stroke, it allows you to slightly bend your knees and bend your back less than 10 degrees while still holding the handle comfortably.
    A plastic shovel blade adds less weight to the lift than a metal blade.
    A smaller shovel blade may add to the time of the task; but, by picking up less snow, it reduces the risk of a heavy shovel load.

 

Be mindful of your shoveling actions.The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons recommends

  • If you must lift snow, squat with legs apart, knees bent, and back straight.
    Lift with the legs instead of bending at the waist; this reduces strain on the back.
    Scoop small amounts of snow with the shovel and walk to the dumping area.
    Outstretched arms exaggerate strain on the back.
    Remove deep snow in layers of an inch or two in thickness.
    Move feet instead of twisting.

 

In addition, remember that

  • Pushing the snow instead of lifting it reduces strain on the back.
    Gripping the snow shovel with your hands at least 12 inches apart increases leverage and decreases body strain.
    Throwing snow over your shoulder is dangerous. It twists the back and predisposes to injury.
    Warming up muscles before shoveling reduces the risk of strains and sprains.
    Frequent breaks to gently stretch back, arms, and legs reduce stress to these areas and distributes over time exertion on the heart.
    Wet snow is especially heavy and one shovelful can weigh 25 pounds.
    Clearing snow early and often to avoid dealing with a large amount of heavy, packed snow.

 

So follow these tips and avoid becoming a snow-shoveling casualty.

 

For more information, consult
· Colorado Spine Institute http://www.coloradospineinstitute.com
· AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ORTHOPEDIC SURGEONS http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00060
· National Safety Council www.nsc.org
· Toronto Emergency Medical Services http://www.torontoems.ca/main-site/careers/safety-tips/show-shovelling.html

 

Thomas Falasca, DO



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